Vitamin B1 is a crystalline water-soluble substance that has no color. It is destroyed in the alkaline solution, and increases the resistance to heating in the acid solution. It is involved in metabolic processes of carbohydrates, fats and other components (like ed function).
The vitamin has another name – “thiamine”. It is necessary for a person for normal mental and physical development, full functioning of digestion, central nervous system, heart. The reserves of this vitamin are replenished by the use of products that contain it.
The functions of vitamin B1 are very important for humans. Consider the most significant of them.
- Provision of metabolic processes
Thiamine is considered an indispensable component for the normal metabolism. It is of great importance in the process of producing ATP, an important ingredient for the formation of energy. Vitamin promote the processing of carbohydrates into glucose – the central source of vitality and activity. The described component is necessary for the complete breakdown of fats and proteins, as well as for the formation of blood cells.
- Beneficial effect on the central nervous system
The brain and nervous system especially need energy, which is produced in the body. Mental activity and the work of the central nervous system are violated in the absence of sufficient “recharging”. As a result, this leads to problems with memorization and coordination of movements.
Vitamin B1 takes part in the correct process of formation of protective myelin sheaths surrounding the nerve endings and preventing their defeat.
Sometimes thiamine is called not otherwise than “anti-stress”. Insufficient amount of energy, weakness – all this leads to a depressive state, apathy, lack of desire to act. This element is needed by the body for excellent mood and productive work.
- Providing the work of the cardiovascular system
Normal functioning of the central nervous system, muscles and heart is impossible without sufficient energy. Without “fuel”, signaling can not be true. Modern scientists were able to prove that thiamine serves as a good prevention of cardiac and vascular pathologies. This is because it normalizes the functioning of the ventricles. The described substance is no less effective in the therapy of heart failure.
- Improving the immune system
Thiamine increases the tone of the muscles located on the walls of the digestive tract. The quality of protective functions directly depends on the work of the digestive tract. The normal process of digestion of food helps the body absorb the maximum number of useful elements. These substances contribute to the improvement of immunity. Vitamin B1 also helps in the production of hydrochloric acid, necessary for the full processing of incoming food and the removal of useful components.
- Normalization of the brain activity
Thiamine prevents a serious pathology – cerebellar syndrome. Its large dosages are indicated during alcohol poisoning, as well as during withdrawal from coma. Vitamin prevents the disorders associated with remembering information.
- Prevention of vision problems
Several scientific researches have proved that thiamine is also needed to protect against such severe pathologies as cataract and glaucoma, because vitamin B1, which enters the body in the required quantity, is characterized by the property of having a positive effect on muscle and nerve signals, which is of great importance in the process of transmitting information from the organs of vision to the brain.
- Help in getting rid of alcoholism
Many people who suffer from alcohol dependence experience a deficiency of the described component, especially when eating a small amount of food. The use of thiamine helps to reduce the symptoms caused by addiction to alcohol-containing beverages.
After enumerating the important functions of vitamin B1, there is no longer any question of why this component is needed. It is necessary for the human body for a normal existence, as it participates in the most important processes of life.
Products containing vitamin B1
The consumption of natural food, rich in thiamine, makes it possible to replenish its reserves. The maximum concentration is found in nuts, cereals. Vitamin B1 is present in quite a large amount in some products:
- seaweed – about 2.66 mg;
- brown rice – 2.3 mg;
- pine nuts – 33.8 mg;
- sunflower seeds– 1.8 mg;
- pistachios – 0 mg;
- green peas – 0.9 mg;
- lentils, beans, soybeans – 0.50 mg;
- whole oatmeal flakes – 0.49 mg;
- buckwheat – 0.43 mg;
- wheat – 0.42 mg;
- asparagus beans, potatoes, cauliflower – 0.10 mg;
- oranges – 0.09 mg.
Most vegetables contain a medium amount of thiamine. These include tomatoes, beans, beets, carrots, pumpkins, spinach, onions, and eggplants. The use of these products in combination with nuts or cereals provides the person with the necessary dosage of thiamine. It should be noted that in fruits there is very little of this component.
Adults and children need a different amount of vitamin B1. The correct portion of thiamine for babies is formed on the basis of their age indices.
Representatives of the stronger sex who have reached adulthood should consume 1.2 mg of thiamine every day, women – 1.1 mg.
Vitamin B1 is especially needed by the latter during pregnancy and lactation. At this time, about 1.5 mg of this component per day is required.
Signs of vitamin B1 deficiency
The consumption of sugar, alcohol-containing drinks, as well as coffee and tea affects its destruction and excretion from the body. Laxatives and diuretics have the same properties.
Complete absence of thiamine provokes the development of a disease called beriberi. This is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism.
As a result, the patient suffers from CNS damage, which leads to paralysis. The heart begins to decrease more actively, the appetite decreases significantly, constipation is formed.
People diagnosed with beriberi are severely depleted, do not control the movements of the eyes and limbs, and suffer from swelling. The walk becomes uneven, staggering. Headaches and memory loss worsen almost constantly.
Symptoms from the functioning of the cardiovascular system:
- shortness of breath, even after a slight physical activity;
- a rapid painful heartbeat;
- lowering of pressure;
- cardiovascular insufficiency in the acute form often develops in the absence of timely therapy.
Symptoms from the side of the central nervous system:
- increased anxiety, nervousness, irritability;
- depressive state;
- sleep disturbance;
- feeling of numbness of limbs;
- deterioration in the quality of memorization of information;
- painful sensations;
- problems with coordination of movements;
- disorders of brain activity;
- a high level of fatigue, both physical and mental.
Symptoms from the side of the work of the digestive tract:
- deterioration of appetite,
- a noticeable decrease in body weight,
- constipation or diarrhea,
- severity or tingling in the pit of stomach,
- increase in liver size.
Inadequate amount of vitamin B1 is found in the blood of 25% of people diagnosed with AIDS. This leads to a variety of neurological consequences: severe weight loss, anorexia.
Increased thiamine content in the body
Such a phenomenon is quite rare, because the substance dissolves in water, therefore, when using various foods, excess vitamin B1 is impossible.
It constantly comes out naturally through digestive and excretory systems.
The over-saturation of the body with thiamine is possible only when it is injected. In such a situation, allergic reaction, lowering of pressure, muscle contraction may occur. Sometimes there is an individual hypersensitivity to drugs containing vitamin B1. It manifests itself in the form of skin rashes and intense itching.
Indications for intake
The main indicators for the active use of products with thiamine are:
- beriberi disease;
- pathology of the cardiovascular system, in particular myocarditis, circulatory disorders;
- in the period of application of diuretics recommended for hypertension and heart failure;
- if it is necessary to improve the functioning of the central nervous system and relieve uncomfortable sensations in a variety of neurological diseases;
- in the practice of getting rid of dermatological disorders: eczema, pruritus, psoriasis;
- for restoration of disturbances of cerebral activity of organic type: a depressive state and other psychological pathologies;
- there is evidence that vitamin B1 is used in preventive procedures aimed at preventing Alzheimer’s disease;
- thiamine is used for the therapy of many diseases of the digestive system: chronic enteritis, peptic ulcer, pancreatitis and others;
- the intake of this component is no less important with excess body weight, diabetes and other pathologies of the endocrine system;
- thiamine has great importance for the recovery of the body after the harmful effects of nicotine and alcohol;
- it is advisable to use vitamin B1 in contact with various chemical products, as well as when working in hot shops.
Vitamin B1 has many opened important properties, and thiamine is simply indispensable for the normal functioning of the body. In case of injections, the recommended daily dosage should be followed, since an overabundance or deficiency of the component leads to serious negative consequences. Such an intake of a vitamin, regardless of why it was required, should be carried out only according to the prescription of a specialist.